The employment impact of biri tax increase in Bangladesh is over-stated: new report
Biri is a traditional form of hand-rolled cigarettes that are largely non-filtered, popular among lower income smokers and produced in highly labor-intensive small-scale manufacturing units in Bangladesh (and several other countries in the region). The tax and prices of biri (also spelled bidi or beedi) have remained extremely low, and more importantly, much lower than the…
Cigarette consumption has been increasing in Bangladesh even after a decade of tax and price increases: What went wrong?
Despite a high share of tax in price (greater than the WHO’s 75% benchmark) with periodic tax and price increases, cigarette consumption has been increasing in Bangladesh over the last decade. Between 2006-07 and 2016-17, the volume of tax-paid cigarette sales increased by 83%. At the same time, the share of low-price cigarette consumption increased…